A progressive approach to learn Git

A progressive approach to learn Git

This introductory guide will take you through the basic steps to becoming proficient with Git, step by step.

Git is a widely used version control system that allows you to track changes in a project's source code. Learning Git may seem like a challenging task initially, but with a progressive approach, you can gain skills gradually. This introductory guide will take you through the basic steps to becoming proficient with Git, step by step.

Level 1: Basic Concepts


Start by installing Git on your system. You can download the latest version from the official website (https://git-scm.com/). Follow the installation instructions for your operating system.

Initial configuration

After installation, configure your username and email address using the following commands:

git config --global user.name "Your Name"
git config --global user.email "your@email.com"

Creating a repository

Create your first Git repository using the command:

git init

Adding and committing files

Add files to the repository using:

git add filename

And commit the changes with:

git commit -m "Description/message"

Level 2: Working with Branch

Creating Branch

Start working with branches to separate the development of new features or bug fixes. Create a new branch with:

git branch branchname

Change of Branch

Switch between branches with:

git checkout branchname

Branch Merge

Combine changes from one branch to another using merge:

git checkout branch-target
git merge branch-source

Level 3: Collaboration and Remote


Learn to collaborate with other developers using remote repositories. Connect your local repository to a remote repository:

git remote add origin remote-url

Pull and Push

Download changes from remote repository with:

git pull origin branchname

And push your changes to the remote repository with:

git push origin branchname

Level 4: Conflict Resolution


Address conflicts during merge by manually resolving them in the affected files.

Resolution Tools

Learn conflict resolution tools like git mergetool or resolve conflicts manually using a text editor.

Level 5: Advanced Tools

Reset and Revert

Learn to use git reset to restore the state of the repository and git revert to create a new commit that reverts the changes of a previous commit.


Learn to use git stash to temporarily save uncommitted changes before moving on to another task.

Level 6: Git Subsystems

Git Submodules

Explore using Git submodules to manage project dependencies.

Git Hooks

Discover Git Hooks to automate specific actions before or after certain Git events.


By following this progressive guide, you will have gained a solid understanding of Git, from managing local repositories to collaborating on complex projects. Practice regularly and you'll soon be an expert at version control with Git. Good work!