SSH connections with Node.js

SSH connections with Node.js

In this article, we will explore how to create an SSH connection using Node.js.

The SSH (Secure Shell) connection is an essential tool for securely managing remote servers. In this article, we will explore how to create an SSH connection using Node.js, a JavaScript runtime environment widely used for developing server-side applications. We'll follow a series of steps to generate an SSH key pair, connect to a remote server, and automate the process using Node.js.

The first step is to generate an SSH key pair. SSH keys consist of a public key and a private key. The public key can be shared with the remote server, while the private key must remain secret on your computer.

To generate an SSH key pair, open the terminal and run the following command:

ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C ""

This command will use the RSA algorithm with a length of 4096 bits and will associate a comment (usually the email address) with the key.

Once you generate the key pair, you will need to copy the public key to the remote server. You can do this with the following command:

ssh-copy-id user@hostname

Be sure to replace "user" with your username and "hostname" with your server's IP address or domain name.

To connect to the remote server using Node.js, you need the SSH2 module. Install it using the following npm command:

npm install ssh2

Now you can create a Node.js script to manage the SSH connection. Here is an example of a basic script:

const fs = require('fs');
const path = require('path');
const { Client } = require('ssh2');

const privateKeyPath = path.join(process.env.HOME, '.ssh', 'id_rsa');

const config = {
   host: 'hostname',
   port: 22,
   username: 'user',
   privateKey: fs.readFileSync(privateKeyPath),

const conn = new Client();

conn.on('ready', () => {
   console.log('Successfully connected to server');
   // You can run commands or do other tasks here


Remember to replace "hostname" with your server's IP address or domain name and "user" with your username.

Run the Node.js script using the following command:

node name_of_your_script.js

If everything is configured correctly, you should see a message confirming the successful connection to the remote server.


You have now successfully created an SSH connection using Node.js. You can extend this script to run remote commands, transfer files, or automate other server administration tasks.